B.Ed Syllabus | B.Ed 1st year Notes

B.Ed Syllabus | B.Ed 1st year Notes




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Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Introduction to Philosophy and Education
1 Concept and Scope of Philosophy
2 Concept and Scope of Education
3 Types and Functions of Education
4 Relationship between Philosophy and Education.
5 Philosophy and aims of Education
  Unit-2: Indian Education: Historical Perspective
6 Vedic Education
7 Buddhist Education 
8 Jains
9 Education during the Medieval Period (Including Islamic Education)
10 i. Rabindranath Tagore 
11 ii. Sri Aurobindo Gosh 
12 iii. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 
13 iv. Jiddu Krishna Murthy
14 v. Dr.BR.Ambedkar vi Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad 
  Unit-3: Eastern Systems and Western Schools of Philosophy 
15 Eastern Systems of Philosophy
16 i. Sankhya ii. Yoga iii. Nyaya iv. Vedanta
17 Western Schools of Philosophy 
18 i. Idealism ii. Naturalism iii. Pragmatism iv. Existentialism
  Unit-4:  Value Education 
19 Concept of Value
20 Classification of Values 
21 Value Crisis 
22 Approaches to inculcate Values
23 Values and Harmonious Life 
  Unit-5: Teaching as a Profession
24 Teacher: Professional Competencies and Commitments
25 Teacher as a Nation Builder
26 Teacher as a Creator and Facilitator of Knowledge 
27 Professional ethics of teachers 
28 Teacher and the Future Society



Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Approaches of Human Development
1 Concept of Growth, Development, and Maturation
2 Principles of Development                                                            
3 Stages of Growth and Development (Infancy Childhood, Adolescence)
4 Dimensions of Growth and Development (Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, Social, Moral, language)
5 Longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches of understanding development
  Unit-2: Theories of Development
6 Cognitive theory of Development (Piaget‟s)
7 Psycho-social theory of development (Erikson).
8 Theory of Moral Development (Kohlberg‟s).
9 Theory of psycho- sexual development (Freud).
10 Theory of Emotional Development (Goleman).
  Unit-3: Childhood as a period of Socialization
11 Characteristics of childhood – developmental tasks
12 Child development – Physical, cognitive, social, emotional, moral and language development during childhood
13 Child in different socio-cultural contexts.
14 Process of socialization – conflicts resolution and social development
15 Stages of Social development – Isolated play, parallel play and social play. Characteristics of socially matured person.
  Unit-4: Adolescence as a period of transition
16 Characteristics and needs in Adolescence
17 Genesis of problems during adolescence-Physical, cognitive, emotional, social, moral and language development
18 Adolescent Groups – Gangs
19 Mechanisms of adjustment with special reference to defense mechanisms and holistic development
20 Leadership: Types of Leadership, Development of Leadership qualities in adolescents and its educational implications.
  Unit-5: Individual Differences
21 Dimensions of Individual differences-cognitive abilities, interests, aptitude, creativity, personality and values
22 Theory of multiple intelligence ( Gardner) – Implications for understanding differences in children
23 Difference in children based on learning styles and socio cultural context (home language and Instructional language)
24 Individual differences based on cognitive abilities –
25 Fostering creativity among children.


 Information And Communication Technology (Ict) For Enriching Teaching And Learning

Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
1 Educational Technology – Concept, Growth, Objectives, Characteristics, Advantages, Challenges, and Impact
2 Information Technology – Knowledge Explosion, Preservation and Retrieval                                                            
3 Communication – Concept, Elements, Process, Barriers & Types – Teaching as Communication – Communication Technology – Its application in Education
4 Instructional Media and Aids – Aural, Print, Visual and multimedia
5 Concept, Importance, Characteristics, and Scope of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
  Unit-2: ICT in Education
6 Knowledge Acquisition and Multi-sensory approach
7 Classroom Communication and Communicative Skills for Teachers and Students – Flander‟s Interaction Analysis Category System
8 Individualised Instruction – Concept, Need, Principles and Techniques
9 Programmed Learning – Principles, Types, modes of presentation, development, application, and role of teacher.
10 Changing roles of the learner and the teacher in ICT-Integration and Challenges.
  Unit-3: Computer Fundamentals and Applications
11 Types, Characteristics, and features of Computers
12 Components of Computers – Hardware, Software, Memory, and Maintenance of computers
13 Operating Systems – DOS, Windows and Macintosh and Mobile Apps for Teaching.
14 Software for Word Processing, Presentation, Statistical & Graphical, Page Layout, multimedia, and webpage creator
15 Concept, Applications, and Challenges of Computer networks, Internet, E-mail and Digital Space
  Unit-4: ICT Enriched Learning Experiences
16 Application of ICT for Enriching Classroom Experiences.
17 Application and use of Multimedia Educational Software for classroom situations
18 Use of Internet-based media for teaching and learning enrichment – Acknowledgement
19 Project-based learning using computers, Internet, and Activities
20 Collaborative learning using group discussion, projects, field visits, blogs, etc
  Unit-5: Application of Computers in Education
21 Computer as a learning tool – Concept of E-learning
22 Web 2.0 Technologies-characteristics, types, and examples
23 Virtual Classroom, Smart Boards, Tools, and Opportunities
24 Open Educational Resources – Concept and Significance
25 Critical issues in Internet usage – Authenticity, Addiction, Plagiarism, Ethical and Legal Standards



Pedagogy Of Social Sciences

Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Social Sciences as an integrated area of Study
1 Meaning, Nature and Scope of Natural and Social Sciences
2 Distinction between Natural and Social Sciences
3 Meaning, History, Nature, Scope and Development of Social Studies
4 Distinction between social sciences and social studies
5 Understanding society through various social sciences
  Unit-2: Aims Objectives and Academic Standards of Social Sciences
6 Major aims and objectives of teaching Social Sciences
7 Bloom‟s taxonomy of Educational Objectives
8 Academic Standards and Learning outcomes of teaching Social Sciences
9 Recommendations of NPE 1986, NCF 2005, APSCF 2011
10 Values of Teaching Social Sciences
  Unit-3: Approaches, Methods, Strategies and Techniques of Teaching Social Sciences
11 Meaning, need and significance of various approaches, methods, strategies and techniques of Teaching Social Sciences
12 Teacher Centred Approaches – Lecture, Lecture-demonstration, Source and Supervisory Study
13 Learner centered approaches –Project, Problem Solving, Discussion, Inductive and Deductive, Observation, Constructivistic Approach
14 Strategies / Techniques – Brain Storming, Team Teaching, Mind Mapping, Questioning
15 Activities – Dramatisation, Role play, Field Trips, Social Science Clubs,Exhibitions
  Unit-4: Planning in Teaching Social Sciences
16 Microteaching – Meaning, Concept and Steps
17 Microteaching Skills – Introduction, Explanation, Questioning, Reinforcement,Stimulus Variation
18 Year Plan and Unit Plan
19 Need and Importance of Lesson Planning (Period Planning)
20 Technology Integrated Lesson Planning
  Unit-5: Teaching Learning Resources in Social Sciences 5.1
21 Community Resources – Human and Material
22 Social Science Library, Laboratory and Museum
23 Need and Significance of Current and Controversial issues in teaching social sciences
24 Handling hurdles in utilizing resources
25 Professional Development of Social Sciences Teacher

Course-V (Arts)

Pedagogy Of English

Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Introduction to ELT
1 Meaning, nature and scope of ELT
2 Status of English Language in the global and Indian contexts
3 Aims and Objectives of Teaching English in India
4 Language and Education Policy in India
5 Teaching English in Bilingual/Multi-lingual contexts
  Unit-2: Methods and Approaches in ELT
6 Method, Approach and Technique
7 Grammar Translation Method, Direct Method, Bilingual Method and Dr. West‟s Method
8 Oral, Situational and
9 Communicative Language Teaching
10 Micro skills in ELT
  Unit-3: Listening and Speaking Skills
11 Types and Sub-skills of Listening
12 Techniques of and materials for teaching Listening
13 Sub-skills of Speaking+
14 Techniques of and materials for teaching Speaking
15 Activities to develop Listening and Speaking skills.
  Unit-4: Reading and Writing Skills
16 Types and Sub-skills of Reading; Methods of Teaching Reading
17 Reading and Reflecting on text.
18 Mechanics of Writing
19 Sub-skills and techniques of Writing
20 Activities to develop Reading and Writing skills
  Unit-5: Developing integrated skills and use of ICT in English Language Teaching
21 Teaching of Prose
22  Teaching of Poetry
23 Use of Multi-media in ELT
24 Online resources for ELT
25 ELT and Social Networking


Course-IV (Science)

Pedagogy Of Mathematics

Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Meaning, Nature, and Scope of Mathematics
1 Meaning, Nature, and scope of mathematics.
2 History of Mathematics with special emphasis on teaching of mathematics.
3 Contributions of Indian Mathematicians
4 Contributions of Western Mathematicians
5 Correlation of Mathematics with other school subjects and with other branches of mathematics.
  Unit-2: Aims and objectives of Teaching Mathematics
6 Need for establishing general objectives for teaching mathematics
7 Aims, Values and general objectives of teaching mathematics.
8 Specific objectives and teaching points of various content areas in different branches of secondary school mathematics.
9 Recommendations of various Educational Committees and Commissions as regards to Aims and Objectives of Teaching Mathematics.
10 Meaning and Concept of Academic Standards of CCE.
11 Linking Blooms Taxonomy with Academic Stands.
  Unit-3: Methods, Approaches and Strategies in Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Concepts
12 Nature of Concepts, types of Concepts, Concept Formation and concept assimilation;
13 Creating awareness among student teachers on various concepts of Arithmetic,Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry and Probability and Statistics from classics VI to X.
14 Methods of Teaching Mathematics: Inductive and Deductive : Analytic and Synthetic: Laboratory. Heuristic, Project Method and Activity Based Teaching.
15 Problem solving- Stages and Steps in problem solving; Discovering orExploring various options for solving a given problem in Algebra, Arithmetic,Geometry, Trigonometry, Probability and Statistics.
16 Concept Attainment Model of Jerome Bruner.
  Unit-4: Planning for Teaching – Learning Mathematics
17 Microteaching: Concept, Definition, Microteaching cycle, Components of Microteaching, Merits and Limitations
18 Microteaching Skills: Introducing a lesson, Explaining a Concept, Stimulus Variation, Illustrating with Examples, Probing Questioning, Reinforcement, Structuring Classroom Questions, and Blackboard writing
19 Planning of Instruction: Unit plan, Period plan based on Blooms Taxonomy and academic standards.
20 Technology Integrated Lesson-Planning the Lesson by digital technology.
  Unit-5: Learning Resources in Mathematics
21 Mathematics Text Book – Importance and Criteria of good Mathematics text book.
22 A Critical Analysis of existing Secondary School Mathematics Text Books.
23 Audio, Visual and Multimedia resources – Selection and designing.
24 On line Resources – ICT based Pedagogical tools.
25 Using community resources for mathematics learning. Visits, mathematical field trips and excursions
26 Handling hurdles in utilizing resources.


Course-IV (Science)


Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Introduction to Science
1  Meaning and Functions of Science
2 Nature and Scope of Science
3 Structure of Science
4 Branches of Science
5 History of Biological Science
  Unit-2: Aims and Values of Biological Science
6 Aims of Teaching Biological Science
7 Values of Teaching Biological Science
8 Competences of a Biological Science Teacher
9 Correlation of Biological Science with other school Subjects
  Unit-3: Objectives of Teaching Biological Science
10 Meaning and Importance of objectives
11 Revised Blooms Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
12 Instructional Objectives and specifications with examples
13 Academics Standards mentioned in the school biological science text Book published by government of Andhra Pradesh
  Unit-4: Methods and Techniques of Teaching Biological Science
14 Micro Teaching Techniques
15 Lecture Method, lecture Demonstration Method, and Laboratory Method
16 Scientific Method (Inductive and Deductive Method)
17 Project Method
  Unit-5: Planning for Teaching Biological Science
18 Year Plan
19 Lesson Plan
20 Period Plan (Herbartian and Constructivist approach and CCE Model)
21 Learning Experiences
22 Planning ICT Applications in Learning Biology


Course-V (Science)


Sl.No Contents
  Unit-1: Introduction to Science and Physical Sciences
1 Science and Physical Sciences – Meaning, Nature, Scope and Importance
2 Structure of Science – Syntactic Structure
3 Values of Learning Physical Sciences
4 Correlation of Physical Sciences with Mathematics, Biological Sciences, Social Studies, Languages, Fine Arts, Environment, Health, Development, Peace and Equity
5 Analysis of selected concepts of Physics and Chemistry from 6-10 classes
  Unit-2: Development of Science – Physical Sciences
6 Milestones in the Development of Sciences – Physics and Chemistry
7 Contributions of Western and Indian Scientists
8 Landmarks, Status and Development Indian Science and Technology
9 Physical Science and Human Life
10 Rationale in Inspiring Students to study Physical Science
  Unit-3: Aims. Objectives and competencies of Teaching Physical Sciences
11 Aims and Objectives of Teaching Physical Sciences
12 Taxonomy of Educational Objectives –
13 Instructional Objectives of Teaching Physical Sciences
14 Behavioural or Specific Objectives of Teaching Physical Sciences
15 Competencies for Teaching of Physical Sciences
  Unit-4: Approaches, Methods and Techniques of Teaching Physical Sciences
16 Concept of Teaching with special reference to Physical Science – Approaches and Methods – Student Participation in Learning
17 Teacher-centred Methods – Lecture, Lecture-cum-Demonstration, Historical
18 Student-centred Methods – Heuristic, Project, Scientific and Laboratory
19 Modern Teaching Techniques – Brainstorming, Team Teaching and Models of Teaching – Concept Attainment Model and Enquiry Training Model
20 Microteaching – Concept and Meaning, Skills of Microteaching, Practice of Microteaching Skills
  Unit-5: Planning for Teaching Physical Sciences
21 Importance of Planning for Teaching
22 Year Plan
23 Unit Pla
24 Period Plan (Lesson Plan) – Herbertian Steps vs. Constructivist Approach
25 Teaching Strategies and Academic Standards, CCE model period plan for classroom teaching





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