Concept of School Complex
The concept of the school complex is based on the development of a better teching approach and also laboratory and library facilities for classes 1 to10th class.
i. The concept of school complexes was developed in Kothari Commission Report (1964-66).
ii. It is based on the assumption that High and Higher Secondary schools have better laboratory and library facilities, which can be utilized by the primary and middle schools.
iii. Five or six primary and upper primary schools, as per convenience, may form a complex and get their academic and administrative support from the nodal secondary/senior secondary school.
iv. The attached schools in the complex, may arrange co-curricular activities, give better exposure to their students at the thus formed school complex rather than taking up the matter at block or district level.
v. In case of temporary absence of the teacher due to illness, the school complex head can provide a substitute from a neighboring school.
vi. A large number of academic issues and problems can be discussed at the school complex level by arranging a meeting of all the teachers or otherwise. Thus many states have evolved their own guidelines and formed school complexes.
Need And Important
1. No isolation of schools
(i) The school complex brings the faculties of a neighborhood together. It will help to interrupt the terrible isolation under which each school functions at the present and like with other schools during a particular area for raising the standard of education and to arrange similar units throughout the country.
(ii)It will enable an identical group of faculties working during a neighborhood to form a cooperative effort to enhance standards.
2. Sharing Instructional Works
(i) The school complex provides scope for the sharing of instructional work among the various constituent schools.
(ii) The expert teachers of the complex may visit other schools, teach and plan new educational experiments.
3. Sharing material facilities
The school complex can provide new teaching aids like a projector, an honest library, an honest laboratory in each School as a unit and make them functionally available to all or any of the schools in one area.
4. In-service Training
(i) The complex is in a position to facilitate to supply of in-service teaching to teachers and upgrading of the less qualified teachers.
(ii) The group of faculties and teachers of 1 complex can get maximum freedom to develop their own program. Under this program, the varsity will get much stronger and can be ready to make the system more elastic and dynamic.
(iii) The school complex can coordinate its works with the local communities and may derive the maximum amount of help from this source as possible.
Various Committees and Commissions
Recommendation of various committees and commissions of NPE-1986 on educational complex:
National Policy on Education, 1986 says, ” A very important role must be assigned to the head of an educational institution. Heads will be specially selected and trained. School complexes will be promoted on a flexible pattern so as to serve as networks of institutions and synergic alliances to encourage professionalism among teachers to ensure observance of norms of conduct and to enable the sharing of experiences and facilities. It is expected that a developed system of school complexes will take over much of the inspection functions in due course.”
In July 1991, CABE ( Central Advisory Board of Education) Committee on the policy which is popularly known as the Janardhan Reddy committee, under the chairmanship of the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh and comprising sis other education minister belonging to the major political parties and eight educationists, was constituted to review the implementation of various parameters of the NPE, 1986 taking into consideration the report of the committee for the review of the NPE(NPERC) and other relevant development since the Policy was formulated.
(i) Memory means the ideal revival of an object or event or experience. It is the reality of an old personal experience that had temporarily dropped from our consciousness.
(ii) It may be exemplified by taking the case of our remembering some past fact of our childhood.
(iii) A witness giving evidence in a court furnishes a typical example of memory. He recalls, as far as possible, the past object and events which he had
knowing, feeling, and willing or doing. Perception belongs to the knowing experience it is a cognitive process. It consists of our cognition or knowledge of objects. The objects are presented to Highlight us through the medium of sensations.