• One of the means to achieve the goals of education is curriculum.
  • It is a plan of facilitating learning for the learner.

The plan entails: stage specific objectives, content and its organization, pedagogical practices and principles, selection of teaching -learning material and evaluation.

  • Derived from the Latin word ‘Currere’ means a race-course

(run way) used by chariots to reach the goals.

  • Broadly it embraces all the planned learning experiences (PLE) that are deliberately provided to the learners to bring about perceptible changes in their behavior which can be measurable and assessed. Moreover, it is conceived as intended learning outcomes (ILO) or what is to be learned. It refers to knowledge of content, skills, attitudes and behavior that learners are supposed to learn in school or college.
  • It encompasses the total experiences provided to the learners in and out of school for brining all-round development of personality.
  • According to Cunninghum: “Currriculum is a tool in the hands of the artist (teacher) to mould his materials (pupils) according to his ideas (aims and objectives) in his own studio(classroom). ”
  • Mudalier commission (1952-53) states:Curriculum does not mean the academic subjects traditionally taught in the school but it includes the totality of experiences that pupil receives through manifold activities that go on in the school, in the classroom, library, laboratory, workshop, playground and in the numerous informal contacts between teachers and pupils. The whole life of school becomes the curriculum which can touch the life of students at all points and help in the evolution of a balanced personality.

Marsh and staffed (1988) highlights 3 dimensions of curriculum:

  • Curriculum includes not only list of contents but also aims objectives, learning experiences and evolution;
  • It comprises of planning learning, and
  • Curriculum and instruction cannot be separated.


In short, curriculum refers to all the activities and experiences that a teacher plans and organizes for learners in educational institutions to realize the aims of education.


  • It entails a statement of aims and objectives of education, learning experiences, methods of teaching and assessment.
  • It is a plan of action to provided enriched learning experiences to the individuals for realizing the objectives of education.
  • It is sum or totality of experiences that a child receives in and out of the school.
  • It is not same as syllabus. The latter refers to the content of what is to be taught which is very often confined in the textbook: an embodiment of syllabus. It is covered in a course of programme. It is the academic subjects alone. It is a means to end. It is a part of curriculum aims to achieve the set of instructional objectives.
  • Curriculum is broad based and includes curricular and cocurricular activities with aims and objectives, learning experiences and evaluation.
  • It is revised and flexible.
  • It aims at all-round development of the learners.
  • It provides the basis for development of an educational programme.
  • It is a programme that is offered by an educational institution.
  • It is a document which consists of a list of courses or syllabi (Product).
  • It is planned learning experiences which is planned prior to the teaching learning situations.
  • It is not same as courses of study embedded in different subjects- Education, Political Science, Economics, History, Physics etc.



  • Curriculum is said to be the heart of any educational institution;
  • It is gared to reach the goals of education;
  • It reflects the soud-cultural ethos of nation;
  • It sets to achieve the all-round development of personality.
  • It is essential for fostering some values in individuals.
  • Helps in the selection of learning experiences/content and its organization.
  • It is the warp and woof of the whole educational process.
  • Helps the teacher to develop and select tools of assessing the learning outcomes of the learners.
  • Helps in preparing the lesson plan and adoption of suitable methods and teaching practices.
  • Providing a framework for providing suitable learning experiences.
  • It embodies the culture of the country and its developmental perspectives with major issues.
  • It forges a link between an educational institution and the community/home.
  • It stresses on the changes in the three common dimensions of behavior of teachers; cognitive, affective and conative.

More Info….

School Complex best content 

By Hemanta Nayak

Welcome to Wide education, My self Hemanta Nayak. Happy to share with you some Entertainment Content, Hope you are exploring Content.

Vanessa Lachey: co-founded a workout program “P.volve” Mark Zuckerberg’s 3 Kids: Everything To Know Lori Harvey Brand Collaboration Support By Marjorie Harvey Michael B Jordan Propose Lori Harvey For Public Lori Harvey’s Best Style Moments The Years 2023